Skip to main content
Call Toll Free (844) 823-6594
Home » Your Eye Health » Eye Conditions » Ocular Hypertension

Ocular Hypertension

Ocular hypertension means the pressure in your eye, or your intraocular pressure (IOP), is higher than normal levels. Elevated IOP is also associated with glaucoma, which is a more serious condition that causes vision loss and optic nerve damage. By itself, however, ocular hypertension doesn't damage your vision or eyes.

Studies suggest that 2% to 3% of the general population may have ocular hypertension.

Signs and symptoms of ocular hypertension

You can't tell by yourself that you have ocular hypertension, because there are no outward signs or symptoms such as pain or redness. At each eye exam, your eyecare practitioner will measure your IOP and compare it to normal levels.

During routine eye exams, a tonometer is used to measure your IOP. Your eye typically is numbed with eye drops, and a small probe gently rests against your eye's surface. Other tonometers direct a puff of air onto your eye's surface to indirectly measure IOP.

What causes ocular hypertension?

Anyone can develop ocular hypertension, but it's most common in African-Americans, people over 40, those with family history of ocular hypertension or glaucoma, and those with diabetes or high amounts of nearsightedness.

IOP may become elevated due to excessive aqueous fluid production or inadequate drainage. Certain medications, such as steroids, and trauma can cause higher-than-normal IOP measurements as well.

Ocular hypertension treatment

People with ocular hypertension are at increased risk for developing glaucoma, so some eye doctors prescribe medicated eye drops to lower IOP in cases of ocular hypertension. Because these medications can be expensive and may have side effects, other eye doctors choose to monitor your IOP and only take action if you show signs of developing glaucoma. Because of the increased risk for glaucoma, you should have your IOP measured at the intervals your doctor recommends if you have ocular hypertension.

 

x

All appointments have been cancelled until March 30th!

At this time, under the advice of the College of Optometrists of Ontario, Dolman Eyecare will be closing our clinic until March 30th or until further notice as a precaution to help protect our patients, team members and the community against the spread of COVID-19.

Should you experience an ocular emergency or concerns about your eye health, please email dec251b@gmail.com or call (519-662-3340).

You may also let us know if you are in need of contact lenses or have an eyeglasses emergency. We will do our best to help you.

A team member will be responding to messages and answering the phone between the hours of 10:00 am and 12:00 noon, from Monday to Friday.

The current State of Emergency in the Province of Ontario requires that we minimize contact with each other as much as possible. We apologize for any inconvenience. Once our office reopens, we will reschedule your appointment.

We appreciate you patience and understanding during this very difficult time.

 

Sincerely, with best wishes,

The Dolman Eyecare Team