Skip to main content
Call Toll Free (844) 823-6594
Home » Your Eye Health » Eye Diseases » Diabetes and Eyesight » Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

What are the causes of diabetic retinopathy and long-term diabetes? Changes in blood-sugar levels is the main culprit. People suffering from diabetes generally develop diabetic retinopathy after at least ten years of having the disease. Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential to have an eye exam once a year or more.

In the early stage of diabetic retinopathy, called background or non-proliferative retinopathy, high blood sugar in the retina damages blood vessels, which bleed or leak fluid. This leaking or bleeding causes swelling in the retina, which forms deposits.

In the later stage of diabetic retinopathy, called proliferative retinopathy, new blood vessels begin to grow on the retinal. These new blood vessels may break, causing bleeding into the vitreous, which is the clear gelatinous matter that fills the inside of the eye. This breakage can cause serious vision difficulties. This form of diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness, and is therefore the more serious form of the disease.

It is not hard to greatly reduce your risk of diabetic retinopathy by following some simple steps and being aware of your overall health. The most important factor you can control is maintaining your blood sugar at a healthy level. Eating a healthy diet will help greatly in controlling blood sugar levels. A regular exercise regimen is also a great help. Finally, make sure to listen to your doctor’s instructions.

x

COVID-19 Changes to Availability

Under the advice of the Chief Medical Officer of Health Ontario, our office is closed to in-person care until further notice as a precaution to help protect our patients, team members and the community against the spread of COVID-19.

Should you experience an eye emergency or concerns about your eye health, please email dec251b@gmail.com or call (519-662-3340).

If you are in need of contact lenses, we offer free direct ship. If you have an eyeglasses emergency, we will do our best to help you.

A team member will be responding to messages and answering the phone between the hours of 10:00 am and 12:00 noon, from Monday to Friday.

We apologize for any inconvenience. Once our office reopens, we will reschedule your appointment.

Follow us on Facebook and also on Instagram for realtime updates!

We appreciate you patience and understanding during this very difficult time.

Sincerely, and with best wishes,

The Dolman Eyecare Team